Exams for Over 40's
Many eye problems develop or worsen with age, so reaching the 40 is a good time to make eye health a priority by having regular eye examinations.
Most adults should have an eye examination every two years but the Optometrist may advise testing more often depending on individual circumstances.
Signs you may need eye tests include vision problems, headaches and eye strain. If you wear glasses or contact lenses, prescriptions can change. Wearing glasses or contacts when driving may be a requirement by the DVLA. Your optometrist will advise whether this is the case.
The most common eye diseases in people over 40 are:
- Age-related macular degeneration
- Diabetes-related eye conditions
Here’s what you should know about these threats to your eyesight.
Your eyes and age-related macular degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration — or AMD — damages then destroys central vision. Central vision is your “straight-ahead”, finely detailed vision. This eye disease takes two forms, “dry” and “wet”. Most AMD cases are dry. The remaining are “wet”, and are a more damaging form that is responsible for about 90% of serious vision loss.
Who’s at Risk of AMD?
As well as risk increasing with age, people at risk of AMD include those who:
- Have high blood pressure (hypertension)
- Are obese
- Are white and female
- Have a family history of AMD
- Symptoms of AMD
AMD is painless. It may worsen slowly or rapidly. Dry AMD may affect central vision within a few years. Wet AMD can cause sudden and dramatic changes in vision. In either case, early detection and treatment are key to slowing vision loss.